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How Does Phosphorus Affect Kidney Disease

How Does Phosphorus Affect Kidney DiseaseOne of the kidney functions is to keep minerals in balance. When kidneys are damaged or injured, mineral level can not be kept in balance. Phosphorus is an important mineral of our body. However, with kidney disease, it can build up in your blood, causing some problems. Well how does phosphorus affect kidney disease? The following article will give you a detailed answer about this topic.

Phosphorus and bone problems

Calcium and phosphorus are two important minerals for healthy bones. In chronic kidney disease (CKD), calcium and phosphorus get out of balance. If the kidneys are not working at full capacity, they fail to get rid of enough phosphorus to keep the balance. Over time, phosphorus will accumulate in the blood and calcium can get too low. In this case, your bones will become more brittle and cause itchy skin and bone and joint pain.

Low calcium and heart diseases

When abnormal phosphorus and calcium level occurs, the parathyroid glands make too much of hormone called PTH. High PTH will drain calcium out of the bones, which makes bones weak. In addition, some of the calcium may end up in the heart and blood vessels which cause heart and blood vessel disease.

Phosphorus and skin problem

As we mentioned above, kidney disease patients will have high phosphorus and low calcium level in blood. Low calcium is also called hypocalcemia. Hypocalcemia can cause patients to have the hypertension of parathyroid gland, which can make calcium ion in bone move into patients’ blood. When calcium accumulate in the skin, patients will have itchy skin, dry skin and scaly skin.

How to lower phosphorus level in blood?

To lower phosphorus level, diet plays an important part. Many foods contain phosphorus including processed foods, thus kidney disease patients with high phosphorus level should avoid foods with rich phosphorus level. Dairy products, meat, fish, legumes, nuts and soft drinks are high in phosphorus, but nearly all foods contain some phosphorus. If you have chronic kidney disease, you may need to work closely with our experts to control phosphorus level through diet.

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