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Chronic Kidney Failure

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Cause and Management for Leg Swelling in Kidney Failure

Swelling is also commonly called edema or fluid retention is one of the visible symptoms of kidney failure. It can be found in one’s face, leg and even the whole body. Since it is a common sign of kidney failure, it is necessary for patients to have an overall understanding about it. Here, in this article, we will mainly introduce the cause and management of leg swelling associated with kidney failure.

Cause for leg swelling in kidney failure

Swelling presents when large amounts of fluid stay in the leg tissues. It make legs look fat and affects patient’s image seriously.

Cause and Management for Leg Swelling in Kidney FailureWater is vital for a life, and we can not live normally without getting enough fluid everyday. A normal daily fluid intake should be about 2000ml for an adult. In normal condition, some of these fluids will be absorbed by tissues in our body and the rest of them will be removed out of the body by kidneys. However, for kidney failure patients, their kidney function is affected and they can not filter blood as much as they should within limited time. As a result, excess fluid stay in the body. Leg swelling appears when fluids stay in leg tissues.

Another possible cause for leg swelling is high sodium level in blood. Sodium has a strong electrical and magnetic charge that attracts water, so when sodium retention is always accompanied by water retention. Kidney is responsible for maintaining electrolyte balance, so when kidney failure is caused, electrolyte disturbance appears and high sodium level in blood is one of them.

Management for leg swelling in kidney failure

Management for leg welling associated with kidney failure include the following several measures:

1. Strict fluid limitation

As failed kidney can not excrete excess fluid in the body, so the more water patents drink, the more serious that leg swelling is. How much water is needed by patients depends on many factors, so it is hard to give an exact number here, but you can consult our online doctor for free suggestions.

2. Low-salt diet

Salt is the most common source of sodium and by having low-salt diet, patient’s desire to drink water can be reduced successfully.

3. Diuretics

Diuretics can be applied to help kidney remove excess fluid out of the body. There are different types of diuretic in medicine and kidney failure patients need to choose the right one according to their specific illness condition like potassium level in blood.

4. Dialysis

Dialysis is also a treatment option for leg swelling kidney failure. Apart from excess fluids, some wastes accumulated in the body also can be successfully cleared away by dialysis.

Lastly, leg swelling is just one of the symptoms of kidney failure. Apart from it, patients also run high risk for many other discomforts like skin itching, nausea, vomiting and muscle cramp and so on. All these symptoms appear due to impairment of kidney function, so only when kidney condition is improved, can these problem be solved fundamentally and permanently.

Tag: Chronic Kidney Failure Symptoms

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