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What Are the Side Effects of Hemodialysis

side effects of hemodialysisHemodialysis is life-supportive, as it replaces damaged kidneys cleanse blood, which is not only protective to residual kidney function, but also good for other internal organs. Hemodialysis is such a helpful treatment option, but it does not mean it is harmless. In reality, hemodialysis always cause many side effects, some of which are life-threatening if not managed well. Well, what are the side effects of hemodialysis?

-low blood pressure

This is one of the most common side effects of hemodialysis and appears easily during the treatment. Low blood pressure refers to low impact on vascular wall. In hemodialysis, this condition appears may due to sudden decrease of blood volume in blood vessels and overtaking of hypotensive drugs before treatment. Low blood pressure is a very dangerous condition and if no managed well, it will lead to shock and even death.


Hemodialysis is the procedure to get blood filtered with a medical machine outside the body. This procedure causes infection easily and in such a case, patients may experience red and swollen in fistula area, cold and fever.


Headache is also a common complain among hemodialysis patients. This problem can be caused by many conditions, and the management should be made on the basis of causes.

-Muscle cramp

Muscle cramp is really annoying, as it might appear at any time like night. Stretching the cramping muscle and applying hot packs to the affected area are helpful in alleviating this symptom.

-Nausea and vomiting

During or after hemodialysis, patients might also nausea and vomiting. If this condition appears during hemodialysis, we need to inform the nurse and ask them adjust the machine accordingly.

-Itchy skin

Another annoying side effect of hemodialysis is itchy skin which not only affect daily life, but also affect night sleep. This problem can be due to nerve damage, high phosphorus level in blood and so on. Different management method is needed in different cases.

The above are the most common side effect of hemodialysis. If you want to learn more details about them, please leave us message below. Besides, hemodialysis only cleanse blood and it can not repair damaged kidney structure, so kidney function is not improved after the treatment. As it brings temporary effect in cleansing blood, so it is life-long. That is why kidney failure patients who choose hemodialysis as life-sustaining method need to do dialysis regularly.

Tag: Kidney Failure Treatment Dialysis

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