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Relationship Between GFR and Chronic Kidney Disease

Relationship Between GFR and Chronic Kidney DiseaseGFR is the abbreviation of Glomerular Filtration Rate which is a commonly used medical indicator for the evaluation of kidney function. Chronic kidney disease is an illness marked by progressive loss of kidney function. Well what is the relationship between GFR and Chronic Kidney Disease?

Chronic Kidney Disease is always shorted as CKD. GFR describe the flow rate of filtered fluid through the kidney. Kidney is the natural filter of our body, and to know clearly about how well our kidneys work, we can calculate our GFR.

Normally, GFR should be higher than 90 and when kidneys fail to work well to filter blood, GFR decreases. In medicine, Chronic Kidney Disease is divided into five stages according to GFR:

CKD stage 1:

In CKD stage 1, GFR is still in the normal range (higher than 90), but with medical tests, pathological abnormalities or abnormalities in blood or urine can be found.

CKD stage 2:

CKD stage 2 is marked by GFR 60-89ml/min/1.73 m2, which means kidney function decreases mildly. Although no obvious physical discomforts are caused in this stage, we need to attach enough more attention on it and take treatment as soon as possible, so as to prevent potential sufferings.

CKD stage 3:

In CKD stage 3, GFR is in the range of 30-59ml/min/1.73 m2. Such a level of GFR is always marked by symptoms like high blood pressure, tiredness, swelling, poor appetite and even foamy urine.

CKD stage 4:

In CKD stage 4, GFR drops quickly, but it is still in the range of 15-29ml/min/1.73 m2. If no treatment is given to improve GFR and reverse illness condition in this stage, dialysis will be required in near future.

CKD stage 5:

CKD stage 5 is also called ESRD (End Stage Renal Disease) which is marked by GFR lower than 15. In such a stage, kidneys can not help to maintain the normal life any more. For this reason, dialysis or kidney transplant is usually required to support the life.

GFR is an indicator of kidney function. It decreases with the impairment of kidney condition, so if we want to improve GFR, we need to start from strengthening kidney.

Tag: GFR

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