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Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a inherited kidney disorder with numerous fluid-filled cysts formed in kidneys. PKD can impair the kidney function and cause kidney failure. PKD patients often have some symptoms in their early stage, so patients need to pay attention to their symptoms. Because the early diagnosis and early treatment can help patients to delay or prevent kidney failure.

Here are some common symptoms for polycystic kidney disease (PKD).

1. Renal enlargement

The numerous fluid-filled kidney cysts will be increased and get enlarged with the time, and the kidneys will be enlarged as well. The surface of kidneys will be covered with kidney cysts, which will make the shape of kidneys irregular.

2. Renal area pain

For PKD patients, they may also feel pain in their renal area. The pain is usually like pressure in kidneys, dull pain or sharp pain, and sometimes like abdominal pain. The pain can get worse due to physical activity, walking a long time or sit for a long time, and the pain can be relieved when people have a good rest in bed. Besides, renal hemorrhage, kidney stone moving or infections can also cause sharp pain.

3. Blood urine

About more than half of the PKD patients will have blood urine under microscope, and some patients may also have eye-naked blood urine, which is mainly caused by ruptured cysts blood vessel wall. When the bleeding is too much, it will cause blood clotting and cause pain when passing through ureter.

4. High blood pressure

High blood pressure is a common symptom for PKD patients, because the enlargement of kidney cysts will cause oppression of surrounding tissues and stimulate the renin, which will cause high blood pressure.

Except these common symptoms, PKD patients may also have some other symptoms such as kidney stones, urinary tract infection, frequent urination, liver disease, brain aneurysms and so on.

When Patients were diagnosed with PKD, they need to pay attention to their symptoms and have effective treatment to control their symptoms and remedy their kidney disease, which can help them prevent the kidney failure and make a good prognosis.

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