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What Is the Diet Plan for Proteinuria in Kidney Disease

What Is the Diet Plan for Proteinuria in Kidney DiseaseProteinuria is the most common clinical manifestation of kidney disease. When there is protein in urine, we need to make diet changes, so as to help ourselves get recovery soon. Well, what is the diet plan for proteinuria in kidney disease?

How to make your diet right with proteinuria caused by kidney disease?

1. The intake of protein should be changed

No protein is detected in routine urine test, because normally the protein leaked into urine is less than 150mg a day and such a small amount of protein can not be detected with urine test. Therefore, we usually say there is no protein in urine in normal condition.

Protein leak into urine from kidney, leading to proteinuria when there is kidney damage. Under such a condition, we need to reduce protein intake, so as to alleviate proteinuria. Besides, the end product of protein is urea nitrogen which needs to be removed out of the body by kidney. High protein consumption leads to high urea nitrogen, which increases kidney burden. For these reasons, we need to reduce protein intake.

Howe much protein is needed by a kidney disease patient is based on specific illness condition. Chronic Kidney Disease is divided into five stages. In general, people with CKD stage 1-2 need to ingest protein as much as 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight per day. In CKD stage 3, 0.6 g/k/d is suggested and for these with CKD stage 4, 0.4g/k/d is ok. For patients with CKD stage 5, only 0.2 g/k/d is suggested, but if they are on dialysis, they need to increase protein intake to 1.2g/k/d.

2. High quality protein is recommended

What is high quality protein? High quality protein refers to those proteins that provide all of the essential amino acids needed by the human body. The essential amino acids can be fully consumed in our body and produce less wastes. For this reason, high quality protein is more advisable than general protein. In our daily life, foods rich in high quality protein include egg white, lean meat, fish and milk. In kidney disease, 60% of protein ingested by patients should be high quality protein.

Proteinuria is a clinical manifestation of kidney disease. Right diet plan helps to bring this symptom under control, but we can not get it cured by making diet changes. To reduce protein in urine permanently and thoroughly, we need to start from repairing injured kidney and increasing kidney function.

Tag: Proteinuria

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